目的

  • 将性能测试与持续集成挂接起来
  • 性能测试: JMeter
  • 持续集成: Jenkins

JMeter

Thread组配制

Http请求

Response断言

  • 使用GUI的JMeter查看运行测试结果

GUI JMeter测试结果

  • 使用命令行执行测试
    -J 指定生成的结果格式为xml,-t 指定测试文件,-l 测试结果
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java -jar ApacheJMeter.jar -Jjmeter.save.saveservice.output_format=xml -n -t /Users/yjshi/Downloads/TestPlan.jmx -l TestPlan.jtl

结果

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Writing log file to: /Users/yjshi/Downloads/apache-jmeter-3.0/bin/jmeter.log
Creating summariser <summary>
Created the tree successfully using /Users/yjshi/Downloads/TestPlan.jmx
Starting the test @ Thu Aug 04 18:41:43 CST 2016 (1470307303526)
Waiting for possible Shutdown/StopTestNow/Heapdump message on port 4445
summary = 10 in 00:00:01 = 8.3/s Avg: 333 Min: 183 Max: 539 Err: 0 (0.00%)
Tidying up ... @ Thu Aug 04 18:41:44 CST 2016 (1470307304767)
... end of run

  • JMeter已经可以通过命令行来执行

Jenkins

配制JMeter

  • 下载Jenkins包,官网: https://jenkins.io/
  • 启动Jenkins

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    Running from: /Users/yjshi/Downloads/All/Software/jenkins/jenkins.war
    webroot: $user.home/.jenkins
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:13 PM winstone.Logger logInternal
    INFO: Beginning extraction from war file
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:13 PM org.eclipse.jetty.util.log.JavaUtilLog info
    INFO: jetty-winstone-2.9
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:19 PM org.eclipse.jetty.util.log.JavaUtilLog info
    INFO: NO JSP Support for , did not find org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet
    Jenkins home directory: /Users/yjshi/.jenkins found at: $user.home/.jenkins
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:26 PM org.eclipse.jetty.util.log.JavaUtilLog info
    INFO: Started SelectChannelConnector@0.0.0.0:8080
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:26 PM winstone.Logger logInternal
    INFO: Winstone Servlet Engine v2.0 running: controlPort=disabled
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:26 PM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
    INFO: Started initialization
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:32 PM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
    INFO: Listed all plugins
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:32 PM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
    INFO: Prepared all plugins
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:32 PM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
    INFO: Started all plugins
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:32 PM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
    INFO: Augmented all extensions
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:35 PM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
    INFO: Loaded all jobs
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:35 PM hudson.model.AsyncPeriodicWork$1 run
    INFO: Started Download metadata
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:35 PM org.jenkinsci.main.modules.sshd.SSHD start
    INFO: Started SSHD at port 54488
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:35 PM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
    INFO: Completed initialization
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:35 PM hudson.UDPBroadcastThread run
    INFO: Cannot listen to UDP port 33,848, skipping: java.net.SocketException: Can't assign requested address
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:35 PM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
    INFO: Started initialization
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:35 PM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
    INFO: Listed all plugins
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:35 PM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
    INFO: Prepared all plugins
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:35 PM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
    INFO: Started all plugins
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:35 PM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
    INFO: Augmented all extensions
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:35 PM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
    INFO: Loaded all jobs
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:35 PM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
    INFO: Completed initialization
    Aug 04, 2016 5:52:35 PM hudson.WebAppMain$3 run
    INFO: Jenkins is fully up and running
  • 安装Performance plugin插件: Performance Plugin

Performance plugin

  • 配制Jenkins中的JOB

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    echo 'begin testing'
    java -jar /Users/yjshi/Downloads/apache-jmeter-3.0/bin/ApacheJMeter.jar -Jjmeter.save.saveservice.output_format=xml -n -t /Users/yjshi/Downloads/TestPlan.jmx -l TestPlan.jtl
    echo 'testing end'
  • 运行JOB,查看结果

Jenkins执行结果

  • JOBworkspace下会生成两个文件jmeter.log TestPlan.jtl

jmeter.log TestPlan.jtl

配制运行报告

  • 添加测试报告

报告读取

  • 查看统计结果

统计结果

后续

  • 可将jmx文件存放到仓库中,便于维护和管理
  • JOB添加到版本构建中,在版本构建完成后,自动执行性能,确保每次的版本Build均满足性能需求

参考

原文地址性能测试与持续集成